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Uperoleia laevigata

Smooth Toadlet

Conservation Status

EPBC:

Unlisted

IUCN:

Least Concern

Calling Period

Possible
Yes
Peak
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Description

A small species of frog reaching up to 3 cm in body length. It has a dark or light brown back, with darker patches. There is a pale triangular patch on the head, and a dark, horizontal bar between the eyes. The tops of the arms at the shoulder are pale yellow or brown. The belly is pale pink-white with white specks; the male has a black throat. The pupil is nearly round, and the iris is gold. The groin and the backs of the thighs are bright red. Fingers and toes are unwebbed, both without discs. The parotoid glands are large and brown.

Breeding Biology

Eggs are laid singly on vegetation under the surface of the water in permanent ponds. Tadpoles can reach a total length of up to 4.5 cm, and are gold or brown, with black mottling. They often remain on the bottom of water bodies, and take around three to four months to develop into frogs. Breeds during any time of the year after rain.

Similar Species

Looks very similar in its distribution to Uperoleia fusca, which has a different colour on the under-surface of the thighs; to Uperoleia rugosa, which is smaller and has a different call; and to Uperoleia tyleri which has a different belly colour. Uperoleia laevigata also look similar to Uperoleia martini, but has a different distribution and belly colour.

Images

Photo: Stephen Mahony

Photo: Stephen Mahony

Photo: Jodi Rowley

Photo: Stephen Mahony

Calls

By: Jodi Rowley

By: Jodi Rowley

By: Jodi Rowley

By: Geoff Bell

By: Jodi Rowley

Distribution

Found along the east coast and ranges, from southern NSW and the ACT to southeast QLD.

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