Back to Frogs

Notaden nichollsi

Desert Spadefoot

Conservation Status

EPBC:

Unlisted

IUCN:

Least Concern

Calling Period

Possible
Yes
Peak
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Description

A large species of frog reaching up to 6.5 cm in body length. It has a grey or brown back, covered with small orange-red and black spots and patches. There are white spots on the side. There are dark vertical patches from the upper lip to the nostril and from the upper lip to under the eye. The belly is white, and the male has a brown throat. The pupil is horizontal or nearly round, and the iris is gold. Fingers are unwebbed and toes are slightly webbed, both without discs. Their skin can secrete a very sticky glue-like substance.

Breeding Biology

Eggs are laid as a cluster at the surface of the water in small dams and temporary flooded ditches. Tadpoles can reach a total length of 5 cm, and are grey, gold, or dark brown in colour. They often remain on the bottom of water bodies, and take two weeks to one month to develop into frogs, although tadpoles in warm, shallow water bodies may develop faster. Breeds during the summer wet season after heavy rain.

Similar Species

Looks similar to Notaden melanoscaphus in its distribution, but lacks four dark brown patches in a cross pattern on its back.

Images

Photo: Stephen Mahony

Photo: Jordan Vos

Calls

By: H.B. Hines QPWS

Distribution

Found in western QLD, northern SA, central NT, and inland northern and central WA.

What is FrogID

About UsFrogID ScienceFrogID for SchoolsOur partners