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Cophixalus mcdonaldi

Mt Elliot Nursery Frog

Conservation Status

EPBC:

Critically Endangered

IUCN:

Endangered

Calling Period

Possible
Yes
Peak
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec

Description

A small species of frog reaching up to 2.5 cm in body length. It has a brown, light brown, or orange-red back. There is sometimes a dark horizontal stripe between the eyes, a dark V-shaped marking on the upper back, and pale eye spots on the lower back. There is a black stripe behind the eye, and a black patch above the arm on the side. The belly is cream-coloured, with darker mottling. The pupil is horizontal and outlined with a red ring; the iris is gold. Fingers and toes are unwebbed, with finger discs smaller than toe discs. The first finger is very short compared to the rest.

Breeding Biology

Eggs are laid on land as a small cluster connected by a thin jelly string under leaf litter and logs. The nest is guarded by the male, as it is with other Cophixalus species. Tadpoles never swim in water; instead they develop entirely inside the egg and hatch as little frogs. It is unknown how long they take to develop into frogs, but Cophixalus ornatus eggs have been recorded taking 28 days to hatch. Breeds during spring to summer after rain.

Similar Species

Does not look similar to any other species in its distribution.

Images

Photo: Anders Zimny

Photo: Angus McNab

Photo: Stephen Mahony

Photo: Stephen Mahony

Calls

Distribution

Found only on Mt Elliot near Townsville, in QLD.

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